Basal cell carcinoma

About Basal Cell Carcinoma

Infiltrating basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma, also known as “Rodent Ulcer”, is the most common skin cancer, contributing to around 75% to 80% of all skin cancers.

Other skin cancer types include:

*    Squamous cell carcinoma
*    Melanoma
*    Benign Moles

Fortunately, basal cell carcinoma is the least aggressive of all skin cancers as it very rarely invades distant tissues therefore it can be cured by completely removing the lesion.

Basal cell carcinomas are a common condition of older age but the cancer can appear at anytime in adulthood and therefore regular skin cancer screenings are essential.

This type of skin cancer is more often diagnosed in men than in women.

Sun exposure is a significant factor in their development but there are other conditions that can lead to the appearance of basal cell carcinomas including:

*    UVA radiation
*    Genetic
*    Regular sunburns as a child
*    Suppressed immune system
*    HIV illness
*    Fair skin

If you have any questions or concerns about basal cell carcinoma book a consultation with me today or alternatively, read through our frequently asked questions.

Basal Cell Carcinoma Diagnosis

Nodular basal cell carcinoma

Nodular basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinomas diagnosis requires a shave biopsy to determine its type and treatment procedure.  Basal cell carcinoma can have many different appearances:

* Nodular
* Cystic
* Superficial spreading and pigmented.

Usually, basal cell carcinoma are pink lesions with small nodules that appear filled with fluid (pearly appearance).  Sometimes these lesions can ulcerate and fail to heal. They might also have some brown or black pigmentation causing them to look more like moles with a pearly coloured border.

It is important to study basal cell carcinoma pictures like those displayed on this page to ensure that an individual is aware of how this skin cancer looks.

However, any skin lesion that fails to heal or disappear and continues to grow should be seen by a doctor and treated as soon as possible.  Contact us for further advice or information.

Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment

Basal cell carcinoma treatment has an excellent prognosis and a complete cure is achievable in 95% of the cases.

Sometimes, if the diagnosis is difficult, a small sample from the lesion can be removed to be studied under a microscope to provide a definitive diagnosis.

Depending on the type, extent and location of the basal cell carcinoma skin cancer one of the following treatment procedures could be used:

*    Electrodessication and curettage
*    Mohs’ micrographic surgery
*    Radiation therapy
*    Cryotherapy

The treatment of choice is surgical removal because it is fast and provides information about the lesion and also about the completeness of the basal cell carcinoma removal.

The lesion is removed with two or three millimetres margin of healthy looking skin to be certain that all cancer cells are removed.

The defect is repaired by direct closure with sutures a local flap of skin or a skin graft depending on the size of the lesion. Usually the scars fade and the final result is of good cosmetic quality.

Patients that have had a basal cell carcinoma have 50% more chances of developing a second new lesion.

I can not stress enough how important annual skin cancer screenings are.  Should you however, notice any suspicious skin developments in between screenings, get it checked out as soon as possible.

Although basal cell carcinoma pictures can give you an indication of how this skin cancer looks like, don’t self-diagnose, get the opinion of a skin cancer expert

Basal cell carcinoma root of nose

After removal and reconstruction with local flap